About 1st January




Events


  • 153 – BC Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 313 – Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
  • 404 – Last gladiator competition in Rome
  • 414 – King Ataulf of Narbonne marries emperor Honorius sister Galle Placidia
  • 45 – BC The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
  • 630 – The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly.
  • 69 – Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
  • 722 – Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
  • 89 – Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
  • 990 – Russia adopts Julian calendar
  • 1 – Origin of Christian Era
  • 1259 – Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1362 – Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  • 1430 – Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
  • 1438 – Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary
  • 1494 – Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
  • 1502 – Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
  • 1504 – King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
  • 1515 – Francis, Duke of Angouleme succeeds King Louis XII as Francis I of France

    1515 – Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria

  • 1522 – Republic of Venice
  • 1527 – Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1544 – Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 – Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 – Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 – France
  • 1573 – Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
  • 1576 – Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 – Duchy of Lorraine
  • 1583 – 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders

    1583 – Northern Netherlands

  • 1600 – Scotland

    1600 – Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.

  • 1610 – German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610
  • 1622 – Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)
  • 1651 – Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
  • 1660 – 1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary

    1660 – General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London

    1660 – Thomas Fairfax's New Model Army occupies York

  • 1672 – Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris
  • 1673 – Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
  • 1675 – Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
  • 1689 – Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
  • 1700 – Protestant Western Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar

    1700 – Russia

    1700 – Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.

  • 1707 – John V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal
  • 1721 – Tuscany
  • 1739 – J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
  • 1752 – Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies
  • 1758 – The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom. This naming system is based on the binomial nomenclature laid out in Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae.
  • 1770 – Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
  • 1772 – First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities

    1772 – US founding father Thomas Jefferson (30) marries Martha Wayles Skelton (23)

  • 1776 – Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
  • 1781 – 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1785 – "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
  • 1788 – London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times

    1788 – Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves

  • 1797 – Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY
  • 1798 – Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
  • 1800 – Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
  • 1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Italian monk Giuseppe Piazzi.

    1801 – The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

  • 1803 – Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804 – Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1807 – Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
  • 1808 – African Benevolent Society (education) forms

    1808 – Congress prohibits importation of slaves

    1808 – Sierra Leone becomes a British colony

  • 1809 – Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
  • 1811 – Writer James Fenimore Cooper (21) weds Susan Augusta de Lancey in Mamaroneck, New York
  • 1814 – Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
  • 1818 – Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

    1818 – Official reopening of the White House

  • 1824 – US President James Knox Polk (28) weds Sarah Childress (20) in Murfreesboro
  • 1826 – Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
  • 1827 – Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
  • 1831 – William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
  • 1833 – British government demands Falkland islands

    1833 – Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves

  • 1834 – German Tolunie goes into effect
  • 1838 – 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
  • 1840 – 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
  • 1842 – 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
  • 1844 – 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
  • 1845 – The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
  • 1846 – Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
  • 1847 – Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment

    1847 – Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing

  • 1848 – Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
  • 1851 – City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
  • 1852 – 1st US public bath opens, in NYC

    1852 – National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds

    1852 – Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps

  • 1853 – 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
  • 1854 – Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
  • 1858 – Canada begins using decimal currency system
  • 1860 – Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
  • 1861 – Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City

    1861 – President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War)

  • 1862 – 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)

    1862 – Battle of Port Royal Ferry, South Carolina (US Civil War)

  • 1863 – 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr

    1863 – Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city

    1863 – Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states

    1863 – Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

  • 1865 – -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
  • 1871 – Belgium disbands salt tax
  • 1873 – Origin of Japanese Era
  • 1874 – New York City annexes the Bronx
  • 1876 – The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
  • 1877 – England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
  • 1879 – John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
  • 1880 – Building of Panama Canal, begins
  • 1881 – Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
  • 1886 – 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)
  • 1896 – 1st Filipino President Emilio Aguinaldo (26) weds first wife Hilaria del Rosario
  • 1936 – Actor Paul Henreid (27) weds Elizabeth Camilla Julia Gluck
  • 1956 – Actor Gene Hackman (25) weds Fay Maltese
  • 1958 – Sammy Davis Jr marries Loray White
  • 1965 – Novelist Michael Crichton (22) weds high school sweetheart Joan Radam
  • 1972 – Politician Aung San Suu Kyi (26) weds author Michael Aris (25)
  • 1979 – Film director John Carpenter (30) weds actress Adrienne Barbeau (33)
  • 1988 – Actor Michael Biehn (31) weds film producer Gina Marsh
  • 1989 – Actor Leonard Nimoy (57) weds actress Susan Bay
  • 1994 – Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (38) marries Melinda French (29)
  • 2000 – Dominican-American baseball player Albert Pujols (19) weds Deidre "Dee Dee" Corona (22)
  • 2002 – Legendary guitarist Eric Clapton (56) weds Melia McEnery (25) at St. Mary Magdalen Church in Surrey, London
  • 2003 – "A Beautiful Mind" actress Jennifer Connelly (32) weds actor Paul Bettany in Scotland

    2003 – "Lord of The Rings" actress Miranda Otto (35) weds actor Peter O'Brien (44) at St. Mary's Cathedral in Sydney, Australia

  • 2004 – Singer Lou Rawls (71) weds Nina Malek Inman at the Peabody Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee
  • 2011 – "Hot in Cleveland" actress Valerie Bertinelli weds financial planner Tom Vitale at their home in Malibu, California

    2011 – Singer-songwriter Kellie Pickler (25) weds country music songwriter Kyle Jacobs (34) at the Jumby Bay Resort in Antigua

    2011 – Singer-songwriter Shania Twain (46) weds Swiss business executive Frederic Thiebaud in Rincon, Puerto Rico

  • 2015 – Singer-songwriter Ben Harper (45) weds social advocate Jaclyn Matfus



Holidays

  • 510 – Eugendus, French abbot and saint (b. 449)
  • 680 – Javanshir, Albanian king (b. 616)
  • 898 – Odo of France (b. 860)
  • 962 – Baldwin III, Count of Flanders (b. 940)
  • 1204 – Haakon III of Norway (b. 1170)
  • 1387 – Charles II of Navarre (b. 1332)
  • 1515 – Louis XII of France (b. 1462)
  • 1559 – Christian III of Denmark (b. 1503)
  • 1560 – Joachim du Bellay, French poet and critic (b. 1522)
  • 1617 – Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1558)
  • 1697 – Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine historian and author (b. 1624)
  • 1716 – William Wycherley, English playwright and poet (b. 1641)
  • 1748 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (b. 1667)
  • 1759 – Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French diplomat (b. 1705)
  • 1766 – James Francis Edward Stuart, English son of James II of England (b. 1688)
  • 1780 – Johann Ludwig Krebs, German organist and composer (b. 1713)
  • 1782 – Johann Christian Bach, German-English composer (b. 1735)
  • 1789 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English lawyer and politician, British Speaker of the House of Commons (b. 1716)
  • 1793 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter and educator (b. 1712)
  • 1796 – Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician and chemist (b. 1735)
  • 1817 – Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (b. 1743)
  • 1846 – John Torrington, English soldier and explorer (b. 1825)
  • 1853 – Gregory Blaxland, Australian farmer and explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1862 – Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian mathematician and physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1881 – Louis Auguste Blanqui, French activist (b. 1805)
  • 1892 – Roswell B. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 25th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1894 – Heinrich Hertz, German physicist and academic (b. 1857)
  • 1896 – Alfred Ely Beach, American publisher and lawyer, created the Beach Pneumatic Transit (b. 1826)
  • 1906 – Hugh Nelson, Scottish-Australian farmer and politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)
  • 1918 – William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet and author (b. 1858)
  • 1919 – Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)
  • 1921 – Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German lawyer and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856)
  • 1922 – István Kühár, Slovene priest and politician (b. 1887)
  • 1929 – Mustafa Necati, Turkish civil servant and politician, Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1894)
  • 1931 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)
  • 1937 – Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Indian religious leader, founded the Gaudiya Math (b. 1874)
  • 1940 – Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian author and educator (b. 1865)
  • 1944 – Edwin Lutyens, English architect, designed the Castle Drogo and Thiepval Memorial (b. 1869)
  • 1944 – Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)
  • 1953 – Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (Drifting Cowboys) (b. 1923)
  • 1954 – Duff Cooper, English politician and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1890)
  • 1954 – Leonard Bacon, American poet and critic (b. 1887)
  • 1955 – Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist and historian (b. 1881)
  • 1955 – Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar, Indian chemist and academic (b. 1894)
  • 1958 – Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)
  • 1960 – Margaret Sullavan, American actress and screenwriter (b. 1909)
  • 1965 – Emma Asson, Estonian historian and politician (b. 1889)
  • 1966 – Vincent Auriol, French journalist and politician, 16th President of the French Republic (b. 1884)
  • 1969 – Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright and screenwriter (b. 1902)
  • 1969 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish pole vaulter and javelin thrower (b. 1888)
  • 1971 – Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian saint (b. 1894)
  • 1972 – Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888)
  • 1973 – Sergei Kourdakov, Russian KGB agent (b. 1951)
  • 1978 – Don Freeman, American author and illustrator (b. 1908)
  • 1978 – S. Poniman, Indonesian singer and actor (b. 1910)
  • 1980 – Pietro Nenni, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1891)
  • 1981 – Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian pianist (b. 1920)
  • 1982 – Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938)
  • 1983 – David Buttolph, American film composer (d. 1902)
  • 1984 – Alexis Korner, French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Blues Incorporated and Collective Consciousness Society) (b. 1928)
  • 1985 – Sigerson Clifford, Irish poet, playwright, and civil servant (b. 1913)
  • 1992 – Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and admiral, co-developed COBOL (b. 1906)
  • 1994 – Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900)
  • 1994 – Cesar Romero, American actor, singer, and dancer (b. 1907)
  • 1994 – Edward Arthur Thompson, Irish historian and academic (b. 1914)
  • 1995 – Fred West, English serial killer (b. 1941)
  • 1995 – Eugene Wigner, Hungarian-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902)
  • 1996 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901)
  • 1996 – Arthur Rudolph, German-American engineer (b. 1906)
  • 1997 – Ivan Graziani, Italian singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1945)
  • 1997 – Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944)
  • 1998 – Helen Wills, American tennis player and coach (b. 1905)
  • 2000 – Colin Vaughan, Australian-Canadian journalist and activist (b. 1931)
  • 2001 – Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914)
  • 2002 – Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (b. 1944)
  • 2003 – Royce D. Applegate, American actor and screenwriter (b. 1939)
  • 2003 – Joe Foss, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 20th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1915)
  • 2005 – Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (b. 1924)
  • 2005 – Eugene J. Martin, American painter (b. 1938)
  • 2006 – Dawn Lake, Australian comedian, actress, and singer (b. 1927)
  • 2006 – Harry Magdoff, American economist and journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2007 – Leon Davidson, American chemist and engineer (b. 1922)
  • 2007 – Roland Levinsky, South African-English biochemist and academic (b. 1943)
  • 2007 – Tillie Olsen American novelist and short story writer (b. 1912)
  • 2008 – Salvatore Bonanno, American mobster (b. 1932)
  • 2008 – Pratap Chandra Chunder, Indian educator and politician
  • 2008 – Harold Corsini, American photographer and educator (b. 1919)
  • 2009 – Claiborne Pell, American politician (b. 1918)
  • 2009 – Nizar Rayan, Palestinian Hamas leader (b. 1962)
  • 2010 – Lhasa de Sela, American-Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1972)
  • 2011 – Marin Constantin, Romanian composer and conductor (b. 1925)
  • 2011 – Flemming Jørgensen, Danish singer-songwriter, bass player, and actor (Bamses Venner) (b. 1947)
  • 2012 – Bob Anderson, English fencer, stuntman, and choreographer (b. 1922)
  • 2012 – Kiro Gligorov, Bulgarian-Macedonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1917)
  • 2012 – Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, businessman, and activist (b. 1962)
  • 2012 – Tommy Mont, American football player and coach (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Michael Patrick Cronan, American graphic designer (b. 1951)
  • 2013 – Gerhard Fischer, German SS officer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 – Christopher Martin-Jenkins, English journalist (b. 1945)
  • 2013 – Patti Page, American singer and actress (b. 1927)
  • 2014 – Pete DeCoursey, American journalist (b. 1961)
  • 2014 – Michael Glennon, Australian priest (b. 1944)
  • 2014 – Higashifushimi Kunihide, Japanese monk and educator (b. 1910)
  • 2014 – William Mgimwa, Tanzanian banker and politician, 13th Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b. 1950)
  • 2014 – Juanita Moore, American actress (b. 1914)
  • 2015 – Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Donna Douglas, American actress (b. 1932)
  • 2015 – Jeff Golub, American guitarist and songwriter (b. 1955)
  • 2015 – Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1934)
  • 2015 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (b. 1950)
  • 2015 – Ninón Sevilla, Cuban-Mexican actress and dancer (b. 1929)
  • 2016 – Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet and journalist (b. 1932)
  • 2016 – Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1925)
  • 2016 – Mike Oxley, American lawyer and politician (b. 1944)
  • 2016 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer and producer (b. 1930)



People

    Individuals born on January 1 are known for their ambitious and strong-willed nature. With Sun as the ruling planet, these people are extremely buoyant and like to face challenges head-on. They are also blessed with great imaginative and creative skills and are at times cautious towards life in general. Though they may appear as calm and composed from outside, at times they can be a little insecure. These individuals have high morals and though they are adaptable to any situation, however, they may often find it difficult to comprise on their values. People born on this day are very loyal and are dedicated to their loved ones. However, they may suffer from inner anxieties and at times tend to be a little upstage.


    People Born on January 1st  

    Personality
    Individuals born on this day are extremely responsible and organized. They are also very flexible and given their light-hearted nature, they are always calm and composed. They are loyal individuals and are extremely warm and welcoming towards others. However, at times they can be a little too sensitive and are also susceptible to stress and depression. They need to share their inner feeling with their near and dear ones so as not to let negativity take root in their minds.  

    Health
    As the people born on this particular day tend to be a little lazy, they fail to follow a daily exercise routine. As they often indulge themselves in overeating and are extremely fond of sweets, diabetes may be a threat. They are also prone to stress related illnesses such as headaches and high blood pressure and may also suffer from digestive problems. These people need to stay away from alcoholic drinks which may pose great health hazards in their case and should also drink plenty of water.

    Finance
    People born on January 1 are very astute and careful when it comes to their finances. However, even though they are very career driven individuals, financial benefit is never a priority for them. As they are good planner they often meet their financial responsibilities.

    Career
    These people are very dedicated and focused, as far as their career is concerned. They take their responsibilities seriously and often pursue career options which they harbor from a very young age. Their career choices are never motivated by financial benefits and tend to emphasize job satisfaction rather than monetary incentives. They thrive as planners, producers, account managers and engineers etc.

    Relationships, Marriage & Children
    These Capricorns take matters of heart very enthusiastically. However, at times they find it very difficult to express their inner feelings to others, unless they are very close to that person. They look for partners who are supportive towards their lofty ambitions, and can deal with their insecurities. Though they may seem reluctant initially, once they commit to a relationship, they are very passionate and romantic. These individuals make very strict parents and set very high standards for their children which if not fulfilled, they tend to be disheartened.

    Trivia
    Lucky Colors: Blue, Orange & Brown.
    Lucky Numbers: 1 & 2
    Lucky Days (of the Month): 1st & 2nd
    Lucky Days (of the Week): Saturday & Sunday.

    January 1 Zodiac

    Being a Capricorn born on January 1st, your personality is characterized by a charming and creative nature. Although you are very hardworking, you greatly enjoy the social setting. In your dealings you are warm, witty and enthusiastic, which explains why you have so many close friends. Your whit reflects your overall gifts for creativity. Your quick, creative mind is especially impressive in problem solving situations, as you have been known to find ingenious ways to overcome challenges.

    January 1 Element

    Earth is the element pair of your sign and in fact, you have the only fundamental relationship with Earth of all the zodiac signs. Your unique connection to Earth makes you an active initiator in all of your pursuits and interests. Earth's influence keeps you grounded and rooted in realistic goals and ambitions. It is this prudence and practicality that will greatly assist you on your path towards success. If there were one negative earthly quality to avoid, it would be excessive conservatism. Avoid being overly cautious, as this may cause you to miss out on worthwhile life experiences.

    January 1 Planetary Influence

    Saturn is the planetary ruler of the Capricorn, but as you were born in the second Decan, or part, of the sign, you also receive a generous helping of Venus's planetary power. Being the planet of control, Saturn's influence is reflected in your determined and disciplined qualities. Venus's influence is more heavily tied to harmony and is linked to your appreciation of beauty and social qualities. Your unique combination of planetary influences makes you far more social, creative and adaptable than the other Capricorn Decans. You display these qualities in all aspects of your life, especially in your relationships. In both friendships and romantic pairings, you express great loyalty, affection and attention. As long as you continue to cultivate your close relationships, you will always have a wealth of loved ones.

    January 1 Career

    With natural gifts of creativity, organization and determination, you have the ability to be successful in numerous career paths. Your charm and value for hard work may be a perfect fit in the world of business, advertising, public relations or media. Your creativity may take you into the world of art, fashion or design, which was the case for Betsy Ross, who was also born on January 1st. It is also possible that the world of entertainment may be very appealing. If this is the case, look to the accomplished career of Frank Langella, another of your celebrity birthday twins for motivation.

    January 1 Sabian Symbol

    The Sabian Symbol for your birthday is pheasants displaying their brilliant colors on a private estate. This symbol relates to the refinement and creation of aristocratic values. In your own life, you may wish to refine your own existence. Look to traditional markers of success to solidify your value.

    Celebrity Relationships

    Here are a few Capricorn celebrities born on January 1st and their past or present romantic connections:

    Elin Nordegren (Capricorn) and Tiger Woods (Capricorn)
    Frank Langella (Capricorn) and Whoopi Goldberg (Scorpio)

    More January 1 Birthday Astrology

    January 1 is associated with Birthday Number 2
    January 1 is associated with Tarot Card 3 of Pentacles




Births

  • 153 BC – Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 193 – The Senate chooses Pertinax against his will to succeed Commodus as Roman emperor.
  • 404 – Telemachus, a Christian monk, is killed for attempting to stop a gladiators' fight in the public arena held in Rome.
  • 414 – Galla Placidia, half-sister of Emperor Honorius, is married to the Visigothic king Ataulf at Narbonne. The wedding is celebrated with Roman festivities and magnificent gifts from the Gothic booty.
  • 417 – Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
  • 42 BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar
  • 45 BC – The Julian calendar takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year.
  • 69 – The Roman legions in Germania Superior refuse to swear loyalty to Galba. They rebel and proclaim Vitellius as emperor.
  • 766 – Ali al-Rida, Shia Imam (d. 818)
  • 1001 – Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
  • 1068 – Romanos IV Diogenes marries Eudokia Makrembolitissa and is crowned Byzantine Emperor.
  • 1259 – Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
  • 1431 – Alexander VI [Rodrigo Borgia], Spanish/Italian pope (1492-1503)
  • 1438 – Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1449 – Lorenzo de 'Medici (The Magnificent), Florentine statesman (d. 1492)
  • 1467 – Sigismund I, the old, king of Poland
  • 1484 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (d. 1531)
  • 1502 – The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is first explored by the Portuguese.
  • 1504 – Caspar Cruciger, German church reformer
  • 1511 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall (d. 1511)
  • 1515 – King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
  • 1516 – Margaret Leijonhufvud, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1520 – Franciscus Balduinus, [Francois Baudouin], lawyer
  • 1527 – Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
  • 1557 – István Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606)
  • 1600 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian (d. 1649)

    1600 – Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of March 25.

  • 1614 – John Wilkins, English Bishop of Chester (d. 1672)
  • 1618 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spain, Baroque artist [baptized]
  • 1622 – Isaac Sweers, Dutch Admiral/general/Civil rights activist
  • 1628 – Christoph Bernhard, German composer
  • 1638 – Antoinette du Ligier de la Guard Deshoulieres, French poet/playwright

    1638 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)

  • 1648 – Elkanah Settle, English writer (d. 1724)
  • 1651 – Charles II is crowned King of Scotland.
  • 1652 – Johann Krieger, composer
  • 1655 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist (d. 1728)
  • 1684 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1748)
  • 1697 – Johann Pfeiffer, composer
  • 1700 – Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1704 – Soame Jenyns, English writer (d. 1787)
  • 1707 – John V is crowned King of Portugal.
  • 1709 – Johann H H Butz, German/Dutch organ builder
  • 1711 – Franz Freiherr von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lutheran pastor, Lithuanian poet (The Seas)
  • 1723 – Christian Friedrich Gregor, composer
  • 1729 – Edmund Burke, British author (Philosophy & Inquiry) [NS=Jan 12]
  • 1734 – John F E Acton, cruel premier of Naples
  • 1735 – Paul Revere, silversmith/US patriot (British are coming)
  • 1739 – Bouvet Island is discovered by French explorer Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier.
  • 1745 – "Mad" Anthony Wayne, general
  • 1748 – Giovanni Furno, composer
  • 1750 – Frederick Muhlenberg, American statesman (d. 1801)
  • 1752 – Betsy Ross [Elizabeth Griscom], seamstress widely credited with making the first American flag
  • 1764 – John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
  • 1767 – Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish novelist (d. 1849)
  • 1772 – The first traveler's cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England.
  • 1773 – The hymn that became known as "Amazing Grace", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17" is first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney, England.
  • 1774 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (d. 1860)
  • 1776 – American Revolutionary War: Norfolk, Virginia is burned by combined Royal Navy and Continental Army action.
  • 1777 – Micah Hawkins, composer
  • 1779 – William Clowes, English printer (d. 1847)
  • 1781 – American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781.
  • 1784 – William Beale, composer
  • 1788 – First edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, is published.
  • 1800 – Sydney Nelson, composer

    1800 – Vaclav Horak, composer

  • 1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.

    1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

  • 1803 – Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
  • 1804 – French rule ends in Haiti. Haiti becomes the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States
  • 1806 – The French Republican Calendar is abolished.
  • 1808 – The importation of slaves into the United States is banned.
  • 1809 – John Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet (Silver Fleet)
  • 1810 – Major-General Lachlan Macquarie officially becomes Governor of New South Wales
  • 1812 – The Bishop of Durham, Shute Barrington, orders troops from Durham Castle to break up a miners' strike in Chester-le-Street, Co. Durham
  • 1814 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • 1815 – Charles Renouvier, French philosopher (neocriticism)
  • 1819 – Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold

    1819 – George Foster Shepley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1878)

  • 1822 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
  • 1823 – Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and revolutionary (d. 1849)
  • 1827 – William Lewis "Old Tige" Cabell, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831 – William Joseph Westbrook, composer
  • 1833 – Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (d. 1902)

    1833 – The United Kingdom claims sovereignty over the Falkland Islands.

  • 1834 – Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1838 – William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1843 – Nikolay Nikolayevich Lodizhensky, composer
  • 1845 – The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn, New York City is completed.
  • 1846 – Nikola Pasic, Serbian nationalist/premier (1891..1926)
  • 1847 – The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in Pittsburgh by the Sisters of Mercy; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.
  • 1848 – John Goff, Irish lawyer (d. 1924)
  • 1852 – Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist (d. 1904)
  • 1853 – Hans Koessler, composer
  • 1854 – James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)
  • 1860 – First Polish stamp is issued.
  • 1861 – Porfirio Díaz conquers Mexico City, Mexico.
  • 1862 – Snitz Edwards, Hungary, actor (College, Phantom of the Opera)
  • 1863 – Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)

    1863 – American Civil War: The Emancipation Proclamation takes effect in Confederate territory.

    1863 – Pierre de Coubertin, France, baron (revived Olympic games)

    1863 – The first claim under the Homestead Act is made by Daniel Freeman for a farm in Nebraska.

  • 1864 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey
  • 1865 – Giuseppe Ferrata, composer
  • 1867 – Charles Edward Montague, English author/critic (Fiery Particles)

    1867 – Lew Fields, comedian (of Weber & Fields)

  • 1868 – Snitz Edwards, American actor (d. 1937)
  • 1871 – Adolf Loos, architect, co-founder of modern architecture, baptized in St. Thomas church, Brno, Moravia
  • 1873 – Japan begins using the Gregorian calendar.

    1873 – Mariano Azuela, Mexico, novelist (The Flies, The Bosses)

  • 1874 – Frank Knox, American Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)

    1874 – Gustave Whitehead, German inventor (d. 1927)

    1874 – Hugo Leichtentritt, composer

  • 1875 – Charles Rist, French economist

    1875 – N F Druce, cricketer (5 Tests for England v Australia 1897-98)

  • 1876 – Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)

    1876 – Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)

  • 1877 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom is proclaimed Empress of India.
  • 1878 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish scientist and engineer (d. 1929)

    1878 – Edwin Franko Goldman, composer

  • 1879 – E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex (d. 1970)

    1879 – Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)

    1879 – Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)

    1879 – William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)

  • 1880 – Edie Martin, actress (Titfield Thunderbolt), born in London, England

    1880 – Shalom Asch, Poland, yiddish writer (Motke Ganev)

  • 1881 – Carry van Bridges, [de Haan], Dutch author (Heleen, Eva)

    1881 – Ferdinand de Lesseps begins French construction of the Panama Canal.

    1881 – Vajiravudh, King of Thailand (d. 1925)

  • 1882 – W C Wendelaar, mayor of Alkmaar (1919-34)/Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1883 – [Hei]ko E Arnoldi, Dutch actor (3 Drops of Water)/theater director

    1883 – Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)

  • 1885 – Roland Diggle, composer

    1885 – Twenty-five nations adopt Sandford Fleming's proposal for standard time (and also, time zones)

  • 1887 – Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral/head German military intelligence
  • 1888 – John Garand, American inventor (d. 1974)
  • 1889 – Alexander Smallens, St Petersburg, Russia, conductor

    1889 – Charles Bickford, Cambridge Massachusetts, actor (John-The Virginian)

    1889 – Tadeusz Jarecki, composer

    1889 – Tom Dugan, actor (Circus Clown, Drag, Skyway), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • 1890 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer (d. 1966)

    1890 – Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.

    1890 – Florence Lawrence, silent screen actress (Confidence), born in Hamilton, Ontario

    1890 – The Rose Parade in Pasadena, California, is first held.

  • 1891 – Frank Pettingell, actor (Gaslight, Goose Steps Out), born in Liverpool, England
  • 1892 – Artur Rodzinski, Spalato, Dalmatia, Poland, conductor/composer

    1892 – Ellis Island opens to begin processing immigrants into the United States.

    1892 – Manuel Roxas y Acuna, 1st president Philippines

  • 1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal, is officially opened to traffic.
  • 1898 – New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
  • 1899 – Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
  • 1901 – Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.

    1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia federate as the Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister.

  • 1902 – The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl between Michigan and Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California.
  • 1906 – British India officially adopts Indian Standard Time.
  • 1908 – For the first time, a ball is dropped in New York City's Times Square to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.
  • 1909 – Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
  • 1910 – Captain David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for Royal family members), since Horatio Nelson.
  • 1911 – Northern Territory is separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control.
  • 1912 – The Republic of China is established.
  • 1913 – The British Board of Censors is established.
  • 1916 – German troops abandon Yaoundé and their Kamerun colony to British forces and begin the long march to Spanish Guinea.
  • 1920 – The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
  • 1923 – Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.
  • 1927 – The Cristero War begins in Mexico.

    1927 – Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).

  • 1928 – Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin's secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
  • 1929 – The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are amalgamated into Vancouver.
  • 1932 – The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
  • 1934 – Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison.

    1934 – Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".

  • 1937 – Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in the United Kingdom.
  • 1939 – Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1942 – The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
  • 1945 – World War II: In retaliation for the Malmedy massacre, U.S. troops massacre 60 German POWs at Chenogne.

    1945 – World War II: The German Luftwaffe launches Operation Bodenplatte, a massive, but failed attempt to knock out Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow.

  • 1947 – The American and British occupation zones in Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany.

    1947 – The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen.

  • 1948 – The British railway network is nationalized to form British Railways.

    1948 – The Constitution of Italy comes into force.

  • 1949 – United Nations cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly.

    1949 –Tokelau becomes part of New Zealand.

  • 1950 – Standard practice uses this day as the origin of the age scale Before Present
  • 1954 – NBC makes the first coast-to-coast NTSC color broadcast when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on prototype color receivers.
  • 1956 – A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people.

    1956 – Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.

  • 1957 – An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks during Operation Harvest; two IRA volunteers killed.

    1957 – George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Elizabeth II.

  • 1958 – The European Economic Community is established.
  • 1959 – Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces during the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1960 – Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1962 – United States Navy SEALs established.

    1962 – Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa.

  • 1964 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia.
  • 1965 – The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Afghanistan.
  • 1966 – 2 Garuda Indonesia Airways (GIA) Dakota DC-3 airplanes, PK-GDU dan PK-GDE, collided airborne during landing approach to Palembang airport and crashed in mangrove swamps forest outside Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia. No survivor.

    1966 – A twelve-day New York City transit strike begins.

    1966 – After a coup, Colonel Jean-Bédel Bokassa assumes power as president of the Central African Republic.

  • 1970 – Unix time begins at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT.
  • 1971 – Cigarette advertisements are banned on American television.

    1971 – Hellenic Railways Organisation, the Greek national railway company, is founded.

  • 1973 – Denmark, the United Kingdom, and Ireland are admitted into the European Economic Community.
  • 1977 – Charter 77 published its first document.
  • 1978 – Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing 213.

    1978 – The Constitution of the Northern Mariana Islands becomes effective.

  • 1979 – Formal diplomatic relations are established between China and the United States.
  • 1980 – Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • 1981 – Greece is admitted into the European Community.

    1981 – Palau achieves self-government though it is not independent from the United States.

  • 1982 – Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations.
  • 1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using the Internet Protocol, creating the Internet.
  • 1984 – Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom.

    1984 – Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (SHIA, Code: CGK) serving Jakarta, Indonesia, is officially opened.

    1984 – The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.

  • 1985 – The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone.
  • 1986 – Aruba becomes independent of Curaçao, though it remains in free association with the Netherlands.

    1986 – Spain and Portugal are admitted into the European Community.

  • 1987 – A value-added tax is introduced in Greece for the first time.
  • 1988 – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
  • 1989 – The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion.
  • 1990 – David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City's first black mayor.
  • 1993 – A single market within the European Community is introduced.

    1993 – Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

  • 1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect.

    1994 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas.

  • 1995 – Sweden, Austria, and Finland are admitted into the European Union.

    1995 – The Conference for Security and Co-operation in Europe becomes the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.

    1995 – The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves.

    1995 – The World Trade Organization goes into effect.

  • 1996 – Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands.
  • 1997 – Ghanaian diplomat Kofi Annan is appointed Secretary-General of the United Nations.

    1997 – Zaire officially joins the World Trade Organization.

  • 1998 – Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence.

    1998 – The European Central Bank is established.

  • 1999 – The Euro currency is introduced in 11 countries - members of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden).
  • 2002 – Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union's member states.

    2002 – Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.

    2002 – The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force.

  • 2004 – In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007.
  • 2007 – Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Sulawesi Strait, Indonesia with 102 people on board.

    2007 – Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Slovenia joins Eurozone.

  • 2008 – Cyprus and Malta join the Eurozone.
  • 2009 – Sixty-six people die in a nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand.

    2009 – Slovakia joins the Eurozone.

  • 2010 – A suicide car bomber detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more.
  • 2011 – A bomb explodes as Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, leave a new year service, killing 23 people.

    2011 – Estonia becomes the 17th member of the Eurozone.

    2011 – The Kallikratis plan becomes the new administrative system of Greece.

  • 2012 – A Moldovan civilian is fatally wounded by a Russian peacekeeper in the Transnistrian security zone, leading to demonstrations against Russia.
  • 2013 – At least 60 people are killed and 200 injured in a stampede after celebrations at Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
  • 2014 – Asteroid 2014 AA impacts the Earth over the Atlantic Ocean.

    2014 – Latvia becomes the 18th member of the Eurozone.

  • 2015 – Lithuania becomes the 19th member of the Eurozone.

    2015 – The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

  • 2016 – The Address Downtown Dubai burns over midnight as the New Year is rung in. The blaze started on the night of New Year's Eve 2015, by currently unknown causes. There was one fatality.



Deaths

  • 379 – Saint Basil the Great, Bishop of Caesare and theologian (Moralia), dies
  • 404 – Telemachus, Roman monk, murdered
  • 870 – Zwentibold, Frankish son of Arnulf of Carinthia (d. 900)
  • 874 – Hasan al-Askari, eleventh Shia Imam (b. 846)
  • 898 – Odo, earl of Paris/king of France (888-98), dies at about 39
  • 962 – Boudouin III, count of Flanders, dies
  • 1204 – King Haakon III of Norway (c. 1170)
  • 1387 – Charles, The Bad, King of Navarra (1349-87) dies burnt alive
  • 1431 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503)
  • 1449 – Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian politician (d. 1492)
  • 1467 – Sigismund I the Old, Polish king (d. 1548)
  • 1484 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1531)
  • 1488 – Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1543)
  • 1515 – Louis XII, "the Justified" king of France (1498-1515), dies at 52
  • 1516 – Margaret Leijonhufvud, Swedish wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1551)
  • 1517 – Hermann Vischer, the Younger, German bronze merchant, dies
  • 1554 – Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conquistador (b. 1500)
  • 1557 – Stephen Bocskay, Romanian prince (d. 1606)
  • 1559 – Christian III, king of Denmark/Norway (1534-59), dies
  • 1560 – Guillaume du Bellay, Sieur de Langey, French soldier, dies
  • 1600 – Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1649)
  • 1617 – Hendrick Goltzius, Dutch painter/cartoonist/engraver, dies
  • 1626 – Cornelis Pieterse Hoft, Amsterdam merchant/regent, dies at 68
  • 1628 – Christoph Bernhard, German composer and theorist (d. 1692)
  • 1630 – Tetsugen, Zen teacher (Jodo sect converted to Obaku Zen), dies
  • 1631 – Thomas Hobson, the "Cambridge Carrier", eponym of Hobson's Choice (b. 1544)
  • 1638 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (d. 1685)
  • 1655 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist and philosopher (d. 1728)
  • 1661 – Pieter Claesz, Dutch still life painter, dies at about 64
  • 1684 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch scholar and author (d. 1748)
  • 1697 – Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine biographer/historian (b. 1624)
  • 1701 – Pietro Sanmartini, composer, dies at 64
  • 1704 – Soame Jenyns, English author, poet, and politician (d. 1787)
  • 1709 – Johann Heinrich Hartmann Bätz, German-Dutch organ builder (d. 1770)
  • 1711 – Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749)
  • 1714 – Giovanni Battista Mancini, Italian soprano and author (d. 1800)

    1714 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian pastor and poet (d. 1780)

  • 1716 – William Wycherley, dramatist (The Country Wife), dies at about 75
  • 1730 – Daniel Finch, 2nd earl of Nottingham, dies at 82

    1730 – Samuel Sewall, English judge (b. 1652)

  • 1735 – Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818)
  • 1742 – Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman (b. 1686)
  • 1745 – Anthony Wayne, American general and politician (d. 1796)
  • 1748 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (b. 1667)
  • 1750 – Frederick Muhlenberg, American minister and politician, 1st Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1801)
  • 1752 – Betsy Ross, American seamstress, designed the Flag of the United States (d. 1836)
  • 1753 – Louis-Maurice de La Pierre, composer, dies at 55
  • 1758 – Johann F von Cronegk, German playwright (Codrus), dies at 26
  • 1759 – Jacques-Joachim Trotti, marquis de La Chétardie, French adventurer (b. 1705)
  • 1766 – James III Edward, Old Pretender/king of Gt Britain/Ireland, dies at 77
  • 1768 – Jean-Laurent Krafft, composer, dies at 73

    1768 – Maria Edgeworth, English-Irish author (d. 1849)

  • 1774 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and academic (d. 1860)
  • 1777 – Emanuele Barbella, composer, dies at 58
  • 1779 – William Clowes, English publisher (d. 1847)
  • 1782 – Johann Christian Bach, German composer/Mozart's tutor, dies at 46
  • 1784 – Patrice F earl de Neney, South Neth Secret Council chairman, dies at 67
  • 1787 – Arthur Middleton, US farmer (signed Decl of Independence), dies at 44
  • 1789 – Christleib Siegmund Binder, composer, dies at 65

    1789 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (b. 1716)

  • 1793 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter, dies at 80
  • 1796 – Alexandre-Théophile Vandermonde, French mathematician (b. 1735)
  • 1800 – Louis J M Daubenton, France, zoologist, dies at 83
  • 1803 – Guglielmo Libri Carucci dalla Sommaja, Italian mathematician and academic (d. 1869)
  • 1806 – Lionel Kieseritzky, Estonian-French chess player (d. 1853)
  • 1814 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel leader (d. 1864)
  • 1816 – Francois Alexander Sallantin, composer, dies at 60
  • 1817 – Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium), dies at 73
  • 1818 – Fedele Fenaroli, composer, dies at 87
  • 1819 – Arthur Hugh Clough, English-Italian poet and academic (d. 1861)
  • 1823 – Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and activist (d. 1849)
  • 1833 – Robert Lawson, Scottish-New Zealand architect, designed the Otago Boys' High School and Knox Church (d. 1902)
  • 1834 – Ludovic Halévy, French author and playwright (d. 1908)
  • 1839 – Ouida, English-Italian author and activist (d. 1908)
  • 1848 – John W. Goff, Irish-American lawyer and politician (d. 1924)
  • 1850 – Raphael G Kiesewetter, Austria musicologist, dies at 76
  • 1852 – Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist and academic (d. 1904)
  • 1853 – Gregory Blaxland, Australian explorer (b. 1778)
  • 1854 – James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist and academic (d. 1941)
  • 1859 – Thibaw Min, Burmese king (d. 1916)
  • 1860 – Dan Katchongva, American tribal leader and activist (d. 1972)

    1860 – Jan Vilímek, Czech illustrator and painter (d. 1938)

    1860 – John Cassidy, Irish sculptor and painter (d. 1939)

    1860 – Michele Lega, Italian cardinal (d. 1935)

  • 1862 – Mikhail Vasilievich Ostrogradsky, Russian physicist (b. 1801)
  • 1863 – Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (d. 1937)
  • 1864 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and curator (d. 1946)

    1864 – Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957)

  • 1867 – Lew Fields, American actor, producer, and manager (d. 1941)

    1867 – Mary Ackworth Evershed, English astronomer and Dante scholar (d. 1949)

  • 1868 – Snitz Edwards, Hungarian-American actor (d. 1937)
  • 1869 – Martin W. Bates, American politician (b. 1786)
  • 1871 – Montagu Toller, English cricketer and lawyer (d. 1948)
  • 1873 – Mariano Azuela, Mexican physician and author (d. 1952)
  • 1874 – Frank Knox, American publisher and politician, 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944)

    1874 – Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (d. 1927)

  • 1877 – Alexander von Staël-Holstein, German sinologist and orientalist (d. 1937)
  • 1878 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish mathematician, statistician, and engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1879 – E. M. Forster, English author and playwright (d. 1970)

    1879 – William Fox, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer, founded the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theatres (d. 1952)

  • 1880 – Vajiravudh, Thai king (d. 1925)
  • 1881 – Louis Auguste Blanqui, French political activist (b. 1805)
  • 1883 – William J. Donovan, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1959)
  • 1884 – Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant, engineer, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (d. 1949)
  • 1885 – Béla Balogh, Hungarian actor, director, and screenwriter (d. 1945)
  • 1887 – Johan Hendrik Koelman, portrait painter, dies at 66

    1887 – Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (d. 1945)

  • 1888 – Georgios Stanotas, Greek general (d. 1965)

    1888 – John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand rifle (d. 1974)

  • 1889 – Charles Bickford, American actor (d. 1967)
  • 1890 – Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer and academic (d. 1966)
  • 1891 – Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 3rd Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1969)
  • 1892 – Artur Rodziński, Polish-American conductor (d. 1958)

    1892 – Mahadev Desai, Indian author and activist (d. 1942)

    1892 – Manuel Roxas, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Philippines (d. 1948)

    1892 – Roswell B. Mason, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)

  • 1893 – Mordechai Frizis, Greek colonel (d. 1940)
  • 1894 – Heinrich Rudolf Hertz, German physicist (b. 1857)

    1894 – Iván Petrovich, Serbian-German actor and singer (d. 1962)

    1894 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974)

  • 1895 – J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972)
  • 1896 – Alfred Ely Beach, American inventor (b. 1826)
  • 1900 – Chiune Sugihara, Japanese soldier and diplomat (d. 1986)

    1900 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990)

  • 1901 – Ignatius Donnelly, US attorney/lt-governor (Minnesota), dies at 69
  • 1902 – Buster Nupen, South African cricketer and lawyer (d. 1977)
  • 1904 – Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th President of Pakistan (d. 1982)
  • 1905 – Stanisław Mazur, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician and theorist (d. 1981)
  • 1906 – Joseph Miroslav Weber, composer, dies at 51

    1906 – Sir Hugh Nelson, Premier of Queensland (b. 1835)

  • 1907 – Cyrill Kistler, composer, dies at 58

    1907 – Kinue Hitomi, Japanese sprinter and long jumper (d. 1931)

  • 1908 – Bill Tapia, American singer and guitarist (d. 2011)
  • 1909 – Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992)

    1909 – Dattaram Hindlekar, Indian cricketer (d. 1949)

    1909 – Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian soldier and politician (d. 1959)

  • 1910 – Koesbini, Indonesian composer (d. 1991)
  • 1911 – Audrey Wurdemann, American poet and author (d. 1960)

    1911 – Basil Dearden, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1971)

    1911 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player and lieutenant (d. 1986)

    1911 – Necdet Kent, Turkish diplomat (d. 2002)

    1911 – Roman Totenberg, Polish-American violinist and educator (d. 2012)

  • 1912 – Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1995)

    1912 – Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988)

    1912 – Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet and academic (d. 1991)

  • 1918 – Ed Price, American soldier, pilot, and politician (d. 2012)

    1918 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000)

  • 1919 – Carole Landis, American actress and singer (d. 1948)

    1919 – J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010)

    1919 – Mikhail Drozdovsky, Russian general (b. 1881)

    1919 – Rocky Graziano, American boxer and actor (d. 1990)

    1919 – William W Campbell, Canadian poet (Ian of the Orcades), dies at 60

    1919 – Yoshio Tabata, Japanese singer-songwriter and guitarist (d. 2013)

  • 1920 – Mahmoud Zoufonoun, Iranian-American violinist (d. 2013)

    1920 – Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (d. 2007)

    1920 – Paul Adam, French writer (L'enfant d'Austerlitz), dies at 57

  • 1921 – César Baldaccini, French sculptor and academic (d. 1998)

    1921 – Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-American philosopher and academic (d. 1986)

    1921 – John Strawson, English general (d. 2014)

    1921 – Regina Bianchi, Italian actress (d. 2013)

  • 1922 – Ernest Hollings, American soldier and politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina

    1922 – Jerry Robinson, American illustrator (d. 2011)

    1922 – Roz Howard, American race car driver (d. 2013)

  • 1923 – Daniel Gorenstein, American mathematician and academic (d. 1992)

    1923 – Milt Jackson, American vibraphonist and composer (Modern Jazz Quartet) (d. 1999)

    1923 – Valentina Cortese, Italian actress

  • 1924 – Charlie Munger, American businessman and philanthropist

    1924 – Francisco Macías Nguema, Equatorial Guinean politician, 1st President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (d. 1979)

  • 1925 – Matthew Beard, American actor and singer (d. 1981)

    1925 – Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Tanzanian Minister of Finance (d. 2005)

  • 1926 – Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2008)

    1926 – Richard Verreau, Canadian tenor and actor (d. 2005)

  • 1927 – Calum MacKay, Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2001)

    1927 – Doak Walker, American football player and businessman (d. 1998)

    1927 – Maurice Béjart, French-Swiss dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2007)

    1927 – Vernon L. Smith, American economist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate

  • 1928 – Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984)

    1928 – Gerhard Weinberg, German-American historian, author, and academic

    1928 – Vello Viisimaa, Estonian actor and singer (d. 1991)

  • 1929 – Larry L. King, American journalist, author, and playwright (d. 2012)

    1929 – Raymond Chow, Hong Kong film producer, co-founded Orange Sky Golden Harvest

  • 1930 – Frederick Wiseman, American director and producer

    1930 – Gaafar Nimeiry, Egyptian-Sudanese politician, 4th President of the Sudan (d. 2009)

    1930 – Jean-Pierre Duprey, French poet and sculptor (d. 1959)

    1930 – Ty Hardin, American actor

  • 1931 – Jimmy Smyth, Irish hurler (d. 2013)

    1931 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851)

  • 1932 – C P Scott, British journalist, publisher and politician (b. 1846)

    1932 – Giuseppe Patanè, Italian conductor (d. 1989)

    1932 – Jackie Parker, American football player and coach (d. 2006)

    1932 – Leman Çıdamlı, Turkish actress (d. 2012)

  • 1933 – Frederick Lowy, Canadian psychiatrist and academic

    1933 – James Hormel, American philanthropist and diplomat, United States Ambassador to Luxembourg

    1933 – Joe Orton, English author and playwright (d. 1967)

    1933 – Joseph Koo, Chinese composer and conductor

  • 1934 – Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (d. 1984)

    1934 – Jakob Wassermann, writer, dies at 60

    1934 – Lakhdar Brahimi, Algerian politician, Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs

  • 1935 – B. Kliban, American cartoonist (d. 1990)

    1935 – Brian G. Hutton, American actor and director (d. 2014)

  • 1936 – Don Nehlen, American football player and coach

    1936 – James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founded Costco

  • 1937 – John Fuller, English poet and author

    1937 – Matt Robinson, American actor and screenwriter (d. 2002)

    1937 – Petros Markaris, Greek author, poet, and playwright

  • 1938 – Clay Cole, American television host and producer (d. 2010)

    1938 – Frank Langella, American actor

    1938 – Robert Jankel, English businessman, founded Panther Westwinds (d. 2005)

  • 1939 – Michèle Mercier, French actress

    1939 – Phil Read, English motorcycle racer and businessman

  • 1940 – Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian writer and essayist (b. 1865)
  • 1941 – Asrani, Indian actor and producer

    1941 – Martin Evans, English-Welsh geneticist and academic

    1941 – Younoussi Touré, Malian politician, Prime Minister of Mali

  • 1942 – Al Hunt, American journalist

    1942 – Alassane Ouattara, Ivorian economist and politician, President of the Ivory Coast

    1942 – Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn, English dentist and politician

    1942 – Dennis Archer, American lawyer and politician, 67th Mayor of Detroit

    1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov, Russian colonel, pilot, and astronaut (d. 2005)

    1942 – Jaroslav Jezek, composer, dies at 35

  • 1943 – Bud Hollowell, American baseball player and manager (d. 2014)

    1943 – Colonel Andrew Summers Rowan, U.S. military officer who gave "a message to Garcia" (b. 1857)

    1943 – Don Novello, American comedian, screenwriter and producer

    1943 – Raghunath Anant Mashelkar, Indian rheologist and engineer

    1943 – Ronald Perelman, American businessman and philanthropist, founded MacAndrews & Forbes

    1943 – Tony Knowles, American soldier and politician, 7th Governor of Alaska

    1943 – Vladimir Šeks, Croatian lawyer and politician, 16th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament

  • 1944 – C T B Turner, cricket (17 Tests 1886-95, 101 wkt All time great), dies

    1944 – Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862)

    1944 – Jimmy Hart, American wrestling manager and singer (The Gentrys)

    1944 – Mati Unt, Estonian author, playwright, and director (d. 2005)

    1944 – Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese field marshal and politician, 7th President of Sudan

    1944 – Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)

    1944 – Teresa Torańska, Polish journalist and author (d. 2013)

    1944 – Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani field hockey player and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan

  • 1945 – Jacky Ickx, Belgian race car driver

    1945 – Martin Schanche, Norwegian race car driver

    1945 – Vit Nejedly, composer, dies at 33

  • 1946 – Carl B. Hamilton, Swedish economist and politician

    1946 – Rivellino, Brazilian footballer and manager

    1946 – Shelby Steele, American journalist, author, and director

  • 1947 – Jon Corzine, American sergeant and politician, 54th Governor of New Jersey

    1947 – Leonard Thompson, American golfer

  • 1948 – Devlet Bahçeli, Turkish economist, academic, and politician, 57th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey

    1948 – Dick Quax, New Zealand runner and politician

    1948 – Hermann K J Zilcher, German pianist/composer (Liebesmesse), dies at 66

    1948 – Ismael Zambada García, Mexican drug lord

    1948 – Joe Petagno, American illustrator

    1948 – Pavel Grachev, Russian general and politician, 1st Russian Minister of Defence (d. 2012)

    1948 – Willem Louis Frederic Landre, composer, dies at 73

  • 1949 – Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician and diplomat

    1949 – Malcolm Campbell, English cyclist (world speed-record), dies at 63

    1949 – Max Azria, Tunisian-French fashion designer

    1949 – Olivia Goldsmith, American author (d. 2004)

  • 1950 – Deepa Mehta, Indian-Canadian director and screenwriter

    1950 – James Richardson, American poet and academic

    1950 – Morgan Fisher, English keyboard player and songwriter (Mott the Hoople and Morgan)

    1950 – Tony Currie, English footballer

    1950 – Wayne Bennett, Australian rugby player and coach

  • 1951 – Ashfaq Hussain, Pakistani-Canadian poet and journalist

    1951 – Hans-Joachim Stuck, German race car driver

    1951 – Martha P. Haynes, American astronomer and academic

    1951 – Prospero Gallinari, Italian terrorist (d. 2013)

  • 1952 – Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, Qatari ruler, 7th Emir of Qatar

    1952 – Rosario Marchese, Italian-Canadian educator and politician

    1952 – Shaji N. Karun, Indian director and cinematographer

  • 1953 – Gary Johnson, American businessman and politician, 29th Governor of New Mexico

    1953 – Greg Carmichael, English guitarist (Acoustic Alchemy)

    1953 – Hank Williams, country singer (Cold Cold Heart), dies at 29

    1953 – Lynn Jones, American baseball player and coach

  • 1954 – Bob Menendez, American lawyer and politician

    1954 – Dennis O'Driscoll, Irish poet and critic (d. 2012)

    1954 – Duff Cooper, British diplomat and writer (b. 1890)

    1954 – Richard Edson, American drummer and actor (Sonic Youth and Konk)

    1954 – Yannis Papathanasiou, Greek engineer and politician, Greek Minister of Finance

  • 1955 – Gennady Lyachin, Russian captain (d. 2000)

    1955 – LaMarr Hoyt, American baseball player

    1955 – Precious, Canadian wrestler and manager

  • 1956 – Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician, French Minister of Finance

    1956 – Mark R. Hughes, American businessman, founded Herbalife (d. 2000)

    1956 – Mike Mitchell, American basketball player (d. 2011)

    1956 – Sergei Avdeyev, Russian engineer and astronaut

    1956 – Ziad Rahbani, Lebanese pianist and composer

  • 1957 – Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece

    1957 – Ruth Draper, US elocutionist, dies at 67 or 72

    1957 – Seán South and Fergal O'Hanlon are killed in the Brookeborough Raid.

    1957 – Urmas Arumäe, Estonian lawyer and politician, Estonian Minister of Justice

  • 1958 – Dave Silk, American ice hockey player and coach

    1958 – David Broekman, musican (Think Fast), dies at 55

    1958 – Edward Weston, American photographer (b. 1886)

    1958 – Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ (Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five)

  • 1959 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghan colonel, pilot, and astronaut

    1959 – Andy Andrews, American tennis player

    1959 – Azali Assoumani, Comorian colonel and politician, President of the Comoros

    1959 – Michel Onfray, French philosopher and author

    1959 – Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach

  • 1960 – Danny Wilson, English footballer and manager

    1960 – Hakan Karahan, Turkish author, poet, and songwriter

    1960 – Margaret Sullavan, American actress (Three Comrades), dies of barbiturate overdose at 48

    1960 – Michael Seibert, American ice dancer and choreographer

    1960 – Rayo de Jalisco Jr., Mexican wrestler

    1960 – Toomas Vitsut, Estonian businessman and politician

  • 1961 – Fiona Phillips, English journalist

    1961 – Sam Palahnuk, American video game designer

    1961 – Sergei Babayan, Armenian-American pianist and academic

  • 1962 – Anton Muscatelli, Italian-Scottish economist and academic

    1962 – Diego Martínez Barrio, Spanish president (1939), dies at 76

  • 1963 – Alberigo Evani, Italian footballer and manager

    1963 – Jean-Marc Gounon, French race car driver

  • 1964 – Alf Hall, cricketer (S Afr lefty quick took 40 wkts in 7 Tests), dies

    1964 – Bechara El Khoury, President of Lebanon (b. 1890)

    1964 – Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress and producer

    1964 – Otto Emanuel Olsson, composer, dies at 84

    1964 – Rika Hopper, Dutch actress (Comedia, Anastasia), dies at about 86

  • 1965 – Andrew Valmon, American runner and coach

    1965 – Gertrude Michael, actress (Caged, Cleopatra), dies at 53

    1965 – John Sullivan, American real estate agent and politician

    1965 – Juan Bautista Plaza-Alfonzo, composer, dies at 66

  • 1966 – Anna Burke, Australian businesswoman and politician, 28th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives

    1966 – Ivica Dačić, Serbian journalist and politician, 95th Prime Minister of Serbia

    1966 – Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), dies at 82

  • 1967 – Derrick Thomas, American football player (d. 2000)

    1967 – Juanma Bajo Ulloa, Spanish director and screenwriter

    1967 – Maurice Leyland, cricketer (41 Tests for England, 2764 runs), dies

    1967 – Moon Mullican, rocker, dies at 58

    1967 – Spencer Tunick, American photographer

    1967 – Tim Dog, American rapper (Ultramagnetic MCs) (d. 2013)

  • 1968 – Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer

    1968 – Felix Chong, Hong Kong actor, director, and screenwriter

    1968 – Miki Higashino, Japanese pianist and composer

  • 1969 – Barton Maclane, actor (Gen Peterson-I Dream of Jeannie), dies at 68

    1969 – Bruno Söderström, Swedish athlete (b. 1888)

    1969 – Morris Chestnut, American actor and producer

    1969 – Paul Lawrie, Scottish golfer and journalist

    1969 – Verne Troyer, American actor and stuntman

  • 1970 – Kimberly Page, American wrestling manager and actress

    1970 – Sergei Kiriakov, Russian footballer and manager

  • 1971 – Bobby Holík, Czech-American ice hockey player and coach

    1971 – Chris Potter, American saxophonist and composer

    1971 – Juan Carlos Plata, Guatemalan footballer

    1971 – Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia, Indian politician

    1971 – Kalabhavan Mani, Indian actor and singer (d. 2016)

    1971 – Phoebus, Greek songwriter and producer

    1971 – Rodney, American wrestler

    1971 – Saint Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian Orthodox Christian Saint (b. 1894)

    1971 – Sammie Henson, American wrestler and coach

  • 1972 – Barron Miles, American-Canadian football player and coach

    1972 – Jane Morgan, actress (Mrs Margaret Davis-Our Miss Brooks), dies at 91

    1972 – Lilian Thuram, French footballer

    1972 – Maurice A Chevalier, French actor and singer (Can Can, Gigi), dies at 83

  • 1973 – Bryan Thao Worra, Laotian-American author, poet, and playwright

    1973 – Danny Lloyd, American actor and educator

    1973 – Li Fang, Chinese tennis player

    1973 – Magnus Sahlgren, Swedish guitarist and linguist (Lake of Tears, Dismember and Tiamat)

    1973 – Shelda Bede, Brazilian volleyball player

  • 1974 – Christian Paradis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Canadian Minister of Industry
  • 1975 – Arthur Pierson, actor/director (Hat Check Girl), dies at 73

    1975 – Becky Kellar-Duke, Canadian ice hockey player

    1975 – Bengt Sæternes, Norwegian footballer and manager

    1975 – Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player and coach

    1975 – Fernando Tatís, Dominican baseball player

    1975 – Joe Cannon, American soccer player and sportscaster

    1975 – Mohamed Albuflasa, Bahraini poet and activist

  • 1976 – Mustafa Doğan, Turkish-German footballer and sportscaster
  • 1977 – Craig Reucassel, Australian comedian and television host

    1977 – Hasan Salihamidžić, Bosnian footballer and sportscaster

    1977 – Jerry Yan, Taiwanese actor and singer (F4)

    1977 – Leoš Friedl, Czech tennis player

    1977 – María de la Paz Hernández, Argentinian field hockey player

  • 1978 – Philip Mulryne, Northern Irish footballer and priest

    1978 – Vidya Balan, Indian model and actress

  • 1979 – Brody Dalle, Australian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist (The Distillers and Spinnerette)

    1979 – Koichi Domoto, Japanese singer-songwriter and actor (KinKi Kids)

  • 1980 – Frank Clifford Wykoff, sprinter (Olympic-gold-28, 32, 36), dies at 70

    1980 – Karina Jacobsgaard, Danish tennis player

    1980 – Lazaros Agadakos, Greek basketball player

    1980 – Pietro Nenni, Italian politician (Socialists), dies at 88

    1980 – Richie Faulkner, English guitarist and songwriter (Judas Priest)

  • 1981 – Abdülkadir Koçak, Turkish boxer

    1981 – Eden Riegel, American actress

    1981 – Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Jewish concert pianist (b. 1920)

    1981 – Mladen Petrić, Croatian footballer

    1981 – Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian race car driver

  • 1982 – David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player

    1982 – Egidio Arévalo Ríos, Uruguayan footballer

    1982 – Luke Rodgers, English footballer

    1982 – Paul Belmondo, French sculptor (Bathing Woman, Orleans), dies at 83

    1982 – Victor Buono, actor (Mr Schubert-Man from Atlantis), dies at 43

    1982 – Vladimir K Zworykin, Russ/American engineer (cathode-ray tube), dies

  • 1983 – Calum Davenport, English footballer

    1983 – Melaine Walker, Jamaican hurdler

  • 1984 – Alexis Korner, British blues musician (b. 1928)

    1984 – Alok Kapali, Bangladeshi cricketer

    1984 – Cheung Kin Fung, Hong Kong footballer

    1984 – Christian Eigler, German footballer

    1984 – Michael Witt, Australian rugby player

    1984 – Mohammed Ghaddar, Lebanese footballer

    1984 – Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer

    1984 – Rubens Sambueza, Argentinian footballer

    1984 – Stefano Pastrello, Italian footballer

  • 1985 – Eyjólfur Héðinsson, Icelandic footballer and model

    1985 – Jeff Carter, Canadian ice hockey player

    1985 – Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer

    1985 – Tiago Splitter, Brazilian basketball player

  • 1986 – Colin Morgan, Northern Irish actor

    1986 – Glen Davis, American basketball player

    1986 – Lee Sungmin, South Korean singer, dancer, and actor (Super Junior)

    1986 – Pablo Cuevas, Uruguayan tennis player

  • 1987 – Devin Setoguchi, Canadian ice hockey player

    1987 – Estefanía Craciún, Uruguayan tennis player

    1987 – Gia Coppola, American actress, director, and screenwriter

    1987 – Gilbert Brulé, Canadian ice hockey player

    1987 – Meryl Davis, American ice dancer

    1987 – Serdar Özkan, Turkish footballer

  • 1988 – Dallas Keuchel, American baseball player

    1988 – Ghazala Javed, Pakistani singer and dancer (d. 2012)

    1988 – Grzegorz Panfil, Polish tennis player

    1988 – Nelufar Hedayat, Afghan-English journalist

  • 1989 – Adèle Haenel, French actress

    1989 – Stefan Reinartz, German footballer

  • 1990 – Safaa Rashed, Iraqi weightlifter
  • 1992 – Daniel Kofi Agyei, Ghanaian footballer

    1992 – Jack Wilshere, English footballer

  • 1993 – Jon Flanagan, English footballer

    1993 – Michael Olaitan, Nigerian footballer

  • 1994 – Craig Murray, Scottish footballer
  • 1995 – Adam Campbell, English footballer