Such study, however, is susceptible to several challenges. There are selection differences, so these charts do not represent a larger population of charts. For instance, assume I do colleagues ‘ and family’s astrological charts or assume I’m a specialist astrologer, and most customer graphs are meant to be. Suppose I also discover that many instances of Uranus are in these graphs on the seventh floor and individuals who have unexpected intercourse. Suppose that most of my customers are females over 40 years of era without kids and American.
When astrology is researched in a more controlling setting to obviously identify the population, the graphs are sampled in a fair manner from that population and a type of precise assessment of a characteristic is used to correlate with an astrological variable, a statistically significant correlation is seldom detected and not continuously detected. Studies such as the Michel Gauquelin research have shown promising results, but no study has been replicated consistently, so whether astrology works effectively in a scientific and measurable way isAstrology Research Such study susceptible challenges There selection differences charts represent larger population charts For instance assume colleagues family astrological charts assume specialist astrologer customer graphs meant Suppose discover instances Uranus graphs seventh floor individuals unexpected intercourse Suppose customers females years era kids American When astrology researched controlling setting identify population graphs sampled fair manner population type precise assessment characteristic correlate astrological variable statistically correlation seldom detected continuously detected Studies Michel Gauquelin promising study replicated consistently astrology works effectively scientific measurable Every time student astrology astrologer astrological birth chart person compares birth chart person life conducted Every time astrologer current positions planets compares person birth chart notes events person life conducted However kind prone problems There selection bias charts representative larger population charts For suppose astrology charts friends family suppose professional astrologer charts clients Suppose charts cases Uranus 7th house cusp people sudden breakups relationships Suppose clients women age years children American Can generalize findings men women countries younger women women affluent affluent educated educated clients Can generalize women community live clients tend belief systems life styles correlation exists exist idea mechanism astrology functions guess population generalize Another big problem belief Uranus 7th house cusp breakups close relationships based crude subjective measurement Are noticing correlation expect evoked clients selectively perceive event expect bias perceptions interpreting breakup support belief rationalize breakups people severe For imagine conversation client Venus Capricorn trine Saturn Client consultation divorce husband upset talk Astrologer Were married long time Client Yes years Astrologer And trusted trust You expect loyalty relationship loyal Why divorce Client affair And correct issue loyalty faithfulness heart thought married died Astrologer Yes Venus Capricorn trine Saturn chart lasting loyal relationship You feel devastated Client You incredibly accurate helpful sense loyalty dedication wanting commitment Astrologer Yes You planetary configuration Now imagine conversation client Uranus conjunct 7th house cusp Client consultation divorce husband upset talk Astrologer Were married long time Client Yes years Astrologer Wow long time long time sensitive astrological influence chart There issue freedom kind rebelliousness irresponsibility teenagers inclined happen relationships Client Well husband responsible When drink excessively dangerous driving thinks fine drive car drive driving drunk Astrologer Like willed irresponsible teenager Client Yes laughs That Joe big lawyer lots money grew emotionally Astrologer But grew emotionally shocked affair Client Yes completely shocked Astrologer These kinds upsets relationships chart pointers avoid Client You describing situation precisely huge breakup boyfriend years The astrologer sensitive deep conversation client helpful hypothetical scenario conversations happen client Amazingly astrology chart served guide astrologer identify issues relationships astrology chart calculated wrong person Why astrologer correct surmising breakup complete shock client Uranus conjunct 7th cusp intuition unconscious realization breakup shock client schedule appointment kind divinatory process occur consultations completely understood classified kind intuitive psychic phenomenon The astrological language profound descriptive human situation serve guide astrologers direct measurable relationship astrological variables human behavior Although bit fetched astrologers provide helpful accurate clients astrological variables accurately describing person objective sense context astrological reading idea proposed astrologers believers astrology The casual uncontrolled observations astrologers students astrologers typically classified anecdotal evidence There rigorous control data data correlated measured anecdotal evidence gathered Anecdotal evidence completely useless Understanding anecdotal evidence starting point Anecdotal evidence relationships studied skimmed surface problems anecdotal evidence Developing good designs complex process issues For reason academic conducted feedback content methodology experts constant attempt aware issues problems weaknesses design design perfect Research pragmatic enterprise problem tackled resources When astrology studied controlled environment population generalized stated charts sampled population reasonable form clear measurement trait correlate astrological factor rarely statistically signfiicant correlation consistently replicated satisfaction experts studied There studies studies Michel Gauquelin promising study consistently replicated astrology works kind scientific measurable solid evidence There promising studies measurable raging debate continues quantitative astrology wortwhile endeavor QUALITATIVE RESEARCHThe failure quantitative astrology produce findings support astrology inclined astrologers feel astrology lie boundaries science studied kinds methods qualitative studies informative Qualitative method attitude quantitative Qualitiative understand meaning astrological variables prove astrology works astrologers skeptics astrology Qualitative attempt quantify findings establish measurable astrological variable quantitative manner qualitative numbers statistics conclusions based assumption observations reduced numerical values compared based numerical values Table comparison qualitative quantitative designs researcher QuantitativeQualitativeBoth systematic approachObjectiveSubjectiveDeductiveInductiveGeneralisableNot generalisableNumbersWordsNote Table fortunecity greenfield grizzly rra2 htm downloaded September 2011 Another comparison qualitative quantitative Table researcher These tables good sense differences qualitative quantitative Note Table difference goals investigation Qualitative focuses understanding description quantitative attempts predict confirm hypothesis Table Characteristics Qualitative Quantitative ResearchPoint ComparisonsQuantitative ResearchQualitative ResearchFocus researchQuality nature essence Quantity Philosophical rootsPhenomenology symbolic interactionPositivism logical empiricismAssociated phrasesFieldwork ethnographic naturalistic grounded subjectiveExperimental empirical statisticalGoal investigationUnderstanding description discovery hypothesis generatingPrediction control description confirmation hypothesis testingDesign characteristicsFlexible evolving emergentPredetermined structuredSettingNatural familiarUnfamiliar artificialSampleSmall random theoreticalLarge random representativeData collectionResearcher primary instrument interviews observationsInanimate instruments scales tests surveys questionnaires computers Mode analysisInductive researcher Deductive statistical methods FindingsComprehensive holistic expansivePrecise narrow reductionistMerriam 1988 Case study education qualitative approach San Francisco Jossey Bass Note The table reference okstate agedcm4h academic aged5980a 5980 newpage21 htm downloaded September 2011 There kinds qualitative designs attempt discuss This short introduction methods designed simply orient basic directions EXPLORATORY RESEARCHSome designs hypothesis tests attempt answer specific question hypothesis test attempts answer question people stelliums Cancer 4th house work area involving domestic products homes real estate children stay work people exploratory explore data relationships exist data Sometimes hypothesis tests based findings exploratory Exploratory investigate astrological factors occur charts scientists musicians painters professions based findings develop hypothesis tested Exploratory prone relationships replicable findings findings random occurrences data sampled properly exploratory discover relationships replicated future studies Note astrological studies exploratory incorrectly strong evidence favor astrlogy This problem strong theoretical justification findings For periodically study reported sun signs professions differ However studies typially exploratory exploratory study clear hypothesis data collected Furthermore restrict observations fit expectations based previous studies clear theoretical framework order draw conclusion corelation astrological variable behavior measuerd possibility confounding variables exist study experimental design This problem discussed DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCHSurveys conducted simply situation people community urban area hold political position preference This people open businesses plan future development community Descriptive generally kind astrologers pursue What descriptive exploratory determine relationships astrological variables behavior order study relationships future Because descriptive common kind study disciplines worthy mention introduction designs astrologers engage descriptive understand population studied reason QUASI EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS EXPERIMENTAL DESIGNS AND NATURAL EXPERIMENTSIn experimental design treatment controlled The word treatment loosely predictor variables Experimental Quasi Experimental Designs Shadish Cook Campbell 2002 astrology treatment astrological factors planets zodiac signs house aspect The researcher control astrological influences manipulate The astrological factors naturally occurring referred natural experiment Shadish Cook Campbell 2002 Quasi experimental designs area years quasi experimental design treatment selection random assignment study relationship smoking lung cancer typically quasi experiment People select smoke randomly assign people smoke cancer Although drawing causal inferences quasi experimental studies difficult impossible Donald Rubin potential outcomes framework referred counterfactual framework Rubin preferred term potential outcomes framework The essence potential outcomes framework occurrence event depends event occurs The potential outcomes framework eliminates complex philosophical issues mechanisms regarded causal simply replaces idea causality question behavior occurs dependent earlier behavior Rubin potential outcomes framework views causal inference kind missing data problem observe smokers lung cancer smokers The data person lung cancer smoked Data people smoke provide missing data smokers differ ways smokers The smokers avoid smoking avoid excessive alcohol exercise differ age education race gender urban rural place residence region country emotional These variables referred covariates referred confounding variables influence outcome lung cancer correlated treatment smoking smoking confounding variable boh treatment outcome invalidate causal relationship smoking lung cancer Not word causal counterfactual framework indicating behavior lung cancer occurs behavior smoking occurs This word causal removes issues causal relationship exists occur kind Newtonian model material causality laws motion inertia Researchers devised elegant mathematical models methods assist drawing causal inferences quasi experimental designs One breakthrough propensity scores balance treated untreated groups propensity score measurement treatment assignment covariates Several matching mathematical algorithms developed match groups based propensity scores methods data mining methods boosted regression applied simulation studies determine provide accurate estimates propensity scores moer traditional methods logistic regression These hot areas reseach improving ability draw causal inferences defined potential outcomes framework vitally social sciences describing Rubin potential outcomes framework central current quasi experimental designs quasi experimental designs natural experiments astrologers frequently conducting share common problem advantages randomized experiment randomized experiment covariates potential confounders randomly distributed experimental control groups causal inference easier randomized experiment However medical researchers studing relationship smoking cancer randomly assign people astrological variables behavior remained Like medical researchers social science researchers realities Quasi experiments natural experiments respects cases counterfactual question outcome variable occurs dependent predictor variable case astrology question outcome talking lot measured number spoken day predictor planets Gemini Although astrologers argue astrology works synchronicity Gemini talking relevant potential outcomes framework simply counterfactual question person talk lot planets Gemini answer question causal relationship exists causal relationship kind synchronistic mechanism potential outcomes framework causality restricted causality sense Newtonian laws inertia material Because planetary positions determined mathematical formulae influenced human behavior astrological variable predictor variable referred treatment literature human behavior outcome variable CONDUCTING ASTROLOGICAL RESEARCHAny major astrology programs calculate charts save database analyzed unsure software conduct figure Help documentation program contact software manufacturer authors Kepler Sirius software programs software With 000 charts included Sirius including Gauquelin database company data data famous people extraordinary range features implement enormous number designs software continue add features users conduct requires additional features Because astrological natural experiment randomized experimental design deal problem confounding variables quantitative designs The common confounding variables cyclic social distribution astrological variables group studied fron distribution anticipated For suppose study group people Sun Taurus Aries rising combination happen chart Actually seasonal variations countries birth Spring common Sun Taurus artifact born Spring season How Aries rising Some studies natural births greater tendency birth occur sunrise Sorry looked references studies didactic purposes Aries rising common However hospitals large percent births operation babies born office hours The cyclic motion planets complex years aspects occur Consider births peak communities months large numbers military troops return occur military women Some studies rise births months snow storms holidays provide couples opportunity spend time intimate Even social varying birth rates varying disributions astrological variables complexity planetary motions result unexpected varying distributions planetary configurations interesting confounding effects encountered strudy introversion extraversion While analyzing data noticed introversion outer planets felt excited looked track finding measurable astrological variable Later occurred outer planet placements older people study older people introverted Thus age confounding variable analyzed data proved true Furthermore search academic journals articles relationship age introversion produced papers positive correlation age introversion study confirmed findings study equal academic rsearchers relationship age introversion interested astrological reanalyzed data including age variable structural equation model extremely strong age 001 astrological astrosoftware articles GauqPaper2 GauquelinPaper2 htm study ways concepts presented paper real issues encounter actual rsearch Also story sense experiences conducting sincerely learn astrological variables work superficially engaging support previous beliefs pro astrology anti astrology The search measurable astrological rocky road joyful hopeful depressing findings learn great deal astrology works study conduct findings complement augment understanding gained controlled astrological study Still goal quantitative replicable measuable astrological eludes astrological generally groups comparing varying distributions astrological variables consequence confounding variables One varous cyclic social effects distributions There ways simulate control groups Propensity scores balancing scores quasi experimental designs helpful astrological quasi experimental designs discuss issues subject large subject separate paper harmonic astrology advantage higher harmonics tend evenly distributed short periods time likelihood effects confounding occurrence conjunctions oppositions However guarantee prophylactics confounding variables statistical aberrations Research takes time discoveries emerge gradually replications variations studies conducted single eureka moment discovery Some additional guidelines conducting paper astrosoftware Proveast htm The guidelines paper helpful wishes embark kind astrological study qualitiative quantitative CONCLUDING REMARKSAstrologers embrace theories including Vedic Hellenistic medieval harmonics midpoints modern psychological endless variations traditions traditions Astrologers embrace great range theoretical frameworks astrology works divination motivation energetic patterns There wide spectrum methods questions astrological researcher theoretical framework astrological tradition evaluated Research methodology evolved rapidly decades rapid advancement methods multi level modeling structural equation modeling data mining methods tremendous improvements statistical software analyses feasible Astrologers benefit greatly employing methods article attempt introduce fundamental concepts methodology relevant astrological Astrology Research ZodiacPage