What is Psychology
Psychology (not to be confused with neuroscience) is a science of behavior and intellect that investigates the underlying foundations of psychological phenomena, e.g. neural circuits. The research of conscious and unconscious phenomena, feeling and thought are included in psychology. It’s a wide-ranging academic area. Psychologists are interested in knowing the emerging characteristics of the brains and all the events associated with them. It seeks to comprehend people and organizations through the establishment of particular values and research into particular situations as a social science.
Psychologists investigate conduct and cognitive procedures such as perception, cognition, care, emotional (affect), intelligence, phenomenological (condition), motivation, brain function and personality. This applies to communication between individuals, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other fields, such as interpersonal connections. The unconscious mind is regarded by psychologists of various orientations. Psychologists use empirical methods to deduce cause and correlation between psychosocial variables. Moreover, or in opposition, some –especially clinical and counseling psychologists–sometimes depend on sy by employing empirical and deductive methods.What Psychology Psychology confused neuroscience science behavior intellect investigates underlying foundations psychological phenomena neural circuits The conscious unconscious phenomena feeling thought included psychology wide ranging academic area Psychologists interested knowing emerging characteristics brains events seeks comprehend people organizations establishment values situations social science Psychologists investigate conduct cognitive procedures perception cognition care emotional affect intelligence phenomenological condition motivation brain function personality This applies communication individuals including psychological resilience family resilience fields interpersonal connections The unconscious mind regarded psychologists orientations Psychologists empirical methods deduce correlation psychosocial variables Moreover opposition clinical counseling psychologists depend employing empirical deductive methods Psychology science behavior mind confused neuroscience studies neural underpinnings psychological phenomena neural circuits Psychology includes study consciousand unconscious phenomena feeling thought academic discipline immense scope Psychologists seek understanding emergent properties brains variety phenomena linked emergent properties social science aims understand individuals groups establishing general principles researching specific cases field professional practitioner researcher called psychologist classified social behavioral cognitive scientist Psychologists attempt understand role mental functions individual social behavior exploring physiological biological processes underlie cognitive functions behaviors Psychologists explore behavior mental processes including perception cognition attention emotion affect intelligence phenomenology motivation conation brain functioning personality This extends interaction people interpersonal relationships including psychological resilience family resilience areas Psychologists diverse orientations unconscious mind Psychologists employ empirical methods infer causal correlational relationships psychosocial variables addition opposition employing empirical deductive methods clinical counselingpsychologists times rely symbolic interpretation inductive techniques Psychology hub science medicine draw psychological neurology psychiatry social sciences commonly draws disciplines psychology While psychological knowledge applied assessment treatment mental health problems directed understanding solving problems spheres human activity accounts psychology ultimately aims benefit society The majority psychologists involved kind therapeutic role practicing clinical counseling school settings Many scientific wide range topics mental processes behavior typically work university psychology departments teach academic settings medical schools hospitals Some employed industrial organizational settings areas human development aging sports health media forensic investigation aspects law The word psychology derives Greek roots meaning study psyche soul ψυχή psychē breath spirit soul λογία logia study The Latin word psychologia Croatian humanist Latinist Marko Marulić book Psichiologia ratione animae humanae late 15th century early 16th century The earliest reference word psychology English Steven Blankaart 1694 The Physical Dictionary refers Anatomy treats Body Psychology treats Soul 1890 William James defined psychology science mental life phenomena conditions This definition enjoyed widespread currency decades However meaning contested notably radical behaviorists John Watson 1913 manifesto defined discipline psychology acquisition control behavior Also James defined term connotes techniques scientific experimentation Folk psychology refers understanding ordinary people contrasted psychology professionals Psychology scientific study mind behavior Psychology multifaceted discipline includes fields study areas human development sports health clinical social behavior cognitive processes Psychology science advances happening years However origins traced ancient Greece years The emphasis philosophical great thinkers Socrates influencing Plato turn influenced Aristotle Philosophers discuss topics studied modern psychology memory free attraction The Beginnings Psychology DisciplineIn early days psychology dominant theoretical perspectives American psychologist named William James 1842 1910 developed approach functionalism argued mind constantly changing pointless building blocks experience Instead focus organism suggested psychologists underlying behavior mental processes involved This emphasis consequences behavior influenced contemporary psychology Structuralism approach pioneered Wilhelm Wundt The term originated Edward Titchener American psychologist trained Wundt Structuralism relied trained introspection method subjects minds performing task However proved unreliable method individual variation experiences reports subjects Despite failing introspection Wundt figure history psychology opened laboratory dedicated psychology 1879 opening thought modern psychology Wundt separated psychology philosophy analyzing workings mind objective standardized procedures Because psychology science attempts investigate behavior systematic objective procedures observation measurement analysis backed theoretical interpretations generalizations explanations predictions The Perspectives PsychologyPsychologists examine behavior variety psychological perspectives underpinned shared set assumptions people study study Some conduct detailed biological studies brain explore process analyze role evolution study influence culture society The classic contemporary perspectives psychology adopt scientific strategies behaviorists renowned reliance controlled laboratory experiment rejection unseen subconscious forces behavior Later cognitive psychology rigorous scientific lab based scientific approach application memory perception cognitive development mental illness Critical EvaluationKuhn 1962 argues field study legitimately regarded science followers subscribe common perspective paradigm Kuhn believes psychology pre paradigmatic experienced scientific revolutions Wundt structuralism replaced Watson behaviorism turn replaced processing approach The crucial point psychology considered science psychologists disagree study study What Psychology ZodiacPage